Aruba is an island of 69 square kilometers which is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is located just north of Venezuela. With Bonaire and Curaçao, Aruba contributes to the creation of the illustrious ABC islands. With lush beaches and emerald forests, the constantly sunny and arid island has become a favorite destination for cruisers.
Dutch (official), Papiamento (Spanish - Portuguese - Dutch - English) Spanish, English (widely spoken)
The main economic activity of the island is tourism. The number of visitors exceeded 1.5 million tourists in 2010 who traveled to the island by plane or cruise ship. Industrially, the island has oil refineries in Sint-Nikolaas as well as other small-scale industrial activities. Aruba's economy also benefits from the free trade area. Aruba aims to be a shopping center located between Europe, Latin America, and the West Indies, and as such, the House of Europe was recently established there.
In the rich and tormented history has strongly influenced the behaviors, habits, and traditions of the people of Aruba. The first to arrive on the island were the Arawak Indians, then the Spanish, the French, the British, and finally the Dutch. The names of cities and streets are actually a mixture of all these origins. The local artists are quite numerous, they are generally present where there are tourists; in hotels, galleries near luxury shops, etc.
Aruba has two higher education institutions: The University of Aruba (UA) and the College of Student Teachers (IPA). The AU currently has only law, finance and economics faculties. Less than 200 students attend these establishments. The IPA is undergoing restructuring.
In addition, the change in the demographic composition of the island has favored the appearance of new problems for Spanish speakers. They are increasingly demanding that their needs be taken into account by ensuring that their children receive their education in their mother tongue at all levels of education.
The media seem to reflect the linguistic situation prevailing on the island. With regard to the written media, three are in Papiamento (Bon Dia, Diario and Awe Mainta) and three in English (Aruba, Aruba Tradewinds Times and Visit Aruba). The local radio (ten stations) bring together a fairly particular linguistic diversity. News bulletins and general programming are broadcast in Dutch, Papiamento, Spanish, English, Portuguese, English and sometimes other languages.