Botswana is a country in southern Africa, bordered to the north and west by Namibia, to the north by Zambia, to the east by Zimbabwe, and to the southeast and south by South Africa. The total area of Botswana is 600,372 km², more than the equivalent of France (547,030 km²); its capital is Gaborone, located to the southeast near the South African border, administratively, the country is divided into nine districts and four town councils.
Anglais (officielle). English has an advantage: it enjoys the status of “priority” official language and also serves as a lingua franca for a minority of Botswanans. Afrikaans is spoken as a mother tongue by Afrikaners and by some Métis in the districts of Kweneng and Kgalagadi. Afrikaners speak Tswana as a second language in a proportion of 75%; English, 50%. This means that a good number are trilingual.
Diamond mining operations have fueled much of the expansion and currently account for over a third of GDP and 4 / 5th of export earnings. Tourism, agriculture, and cattle ranching are other key sectors. Then again, the legislature must arrangement with the issues of high paces of joblessness and destitution. HIV disease rates are the most elevated on the planet and undermine Botswana's noteworthy monetary increases.
The Botswana school system was developed from the British model. For an African country, this system is considered to be one of the best on the continent, both in terms of access and the quality of education. According to UNESCO, more than 84% of Batswana were literate in 2010. In addition, 100% of children attended primary school, against 85% in secondary. Studies are free in Botswana. A few private establishments exist alongside public schools. The government's language policy in education is to promote Tswana in the early years of the school system (primary) and then switch to English (secondary and post-secondary). In reality, Tswana is the language of guidance for the initial two years of essential training. In the third year, the language of guidance changes to English, which is utilized for the remainder of an understudy's tutoring in both essential and auxiliary schools.
The linguistic situation in the media resembles what happens in the Administration: English is preferred in writing, Tswana in oral. indeed, newspapers are generally published in English. In Gaborone, The Botswana Gazette, The Daily News, and the weekly Mmegi are diffués English. Some foreign newspapers published in French, Portuguese or Arabic are sold in the capital, but they are intended for a very small minority.
The national radio (Radio Botswana National) broadcasts its programs in Tswana and English; some news reports are broadcast in kalanda. For television, programs produced in Botswana are in Tswana, but outside productions are presented entirely in English, sometimes with subtitles in Tswana.