Burkina Faso is a landlocked West African state between Mali to the north and west, Niger to the east, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Ivory Coast to the south. The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou. The country is subdivided into 13 administrative and territorial regions. The independence of Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) from France was established in 1960. Government instability during the 1970s and 1980s was followed by a multi-party election in the early 1990s. Thousands of farmworkers migrate south each year to Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana.
It is not difficult to summarize Benin's language policy. It is not to interfere, whether in the official language, French or national languages. In the first case, it comes to perpetuating the practices used by the former colonizer. In the second case, it is enough to do anything. Indeed, attempts to reassess national languages, as well as being very modest, remained an ineffective message.
French (official), native African languages belonging to the Sudanese family spoken by 90% of the population.
Perhaps the least fortunate nation on the planet, encompassed via land, Burkina Faso has a high populace thickness, barely any common assets, and delicate soil. About 90% of the populace works in farming, a zone profoundly powerless against varieties in precipitation. The business stays ruled by unrewarding government enterprises. Continuing macroeconomic advancement relies upon keeping up low expansion, lessening the import/export imbalance, and changes to empower private speculation.
Higher education includes universities, institutes, and grandes écoles. Burkina Faso has four public universities. The language of instruction is French. The higher education sector is experiencing a permanent crisis in Burkina Faso. Higher education is expensive and the state spends a small budget on it, as is the case almost everywhere in Africa.
Burkina Faso is a predominantly Muslim country, more than 60%. This is why there are many madrasas in the country, that is to say, generally private schools in which education is given in Arabic.
Radio broadcasts are produced in French and in around ten national languages. The various radio stations, both public and private, have set up time slots devoted to information in national languages in their programs; journalists are entitled to about fifteen minutes to present their "spoken diary" to speakers of the local language they use (Dioula, Mooré, Foulfouldé, etc.). Since the population cannot read, politicians set their sights on the radio which covers the entire national territory, unlike television which only reaches a few cities in the country.
For example, during election campaigns, activists from different parties deliver their messages in French to listeners while leaving journalists and "town criers" (untrained individuals appointed to act as interpreters) to translate and comment on the words to the population in national languages.