Things to know about Burundi

Burundi FlagBurundi is a country in the highlands of Central Africa located on the dividing line between the waters of the Congo and the Nile, in the heart of the Great Lakes region. Of all the neighboring countries, it is Rwanda that remains closest to Burundi, because these two countries share geographical, human and historical identities, not to mention many linguistic peculiarities resulting from a similar situation with the local languages.


Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura region).


Burundi is a nation encircled via land, with not many assets with an immature assembling area. The economy is principally rural with roughly 90% of the populace subject to farming. Its monetary wellbeing relies upon the development of espresso, which represents 80% of unfamiliar trade profit. The capacity to pay for imports, consequently, relies to a great extent upon the atmosphere and the universal espresso advertise. Food, medication, and power supplies stay constrained. Questions over the manageability of harmony keep on hampering advancement.


In higher education, French is the exclusive vehicle for education. English is a subject taught in the various faculties and institutes of higher education, usually in the early years. There are training units at the University of Burundi and at the École normale supérieure, where this language is used as a vehicle for knowledge. Kiswahili is also taught as a subject at the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, at the Department of African Languages and Literatures, but in a very summary way.

the debate essentially focusing on the ability of a seven-year-old to correctly master four languages at a time during his primary schooling, when he does not know not even write in his mother tongue yet. Some educators are opposed to the introduction of these two new languages, in particular, because of the lack of teaching materials and the short training given to teachers; they also criticize the hasty decision of the government which has never consulted neither teachers nor education officials.

News Media

The audiovisual space is occupied by three private radios and television. Thus, alongside Télé 10 Burundi (French, English, Swahili, etc.), broadcast Radio-Culture (French), Radio-Umwizero or Radio de l'Espoir (Kirundi, Swahili, and French) and Radio-CCIB FM + (French). International radios such as the British Broadcasting Corporation (English and Kirundi), and the Voice of America (French and Kirundi), are present on the FM band, as well as Radio France Internationale which only broadcasts in French.