Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in central Africa with an area of 1.2 million square kilometers (at least twice the size of France). This country is bordered to the north by Libya, to the east by Sudan, to the south by the Central African Republic, to the southwest by Cameroon and Nigeria, and to the west by Niger. Twenty countries in the world by area and Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa after Sudan, Algeria, Congo, Kinshasa, and Libya. This vast country is located in a region that separates Arab Africa from Black Africa.
Chad is divided into 22 regions or governor of the capital, N'Djamena, which is the largest city the name of the country comes from the name of Lake Chad, which is a shallow water surface of varying degrees shared by Chad Niger Niger Nigeria and Cameroon.
French (official), Arabic (official), Sarah (Southern), more than 120 different dialects and languages.
The agricultural economy in Chad must be strengthened mainly through the implementation of major projects related to oil exploitation, in additional to cotton textiles, slaughter, beer, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, building materials.
In addition to the low rate of adult education and literacy, the education system in Chad suffers from serious shortcomings. For example, most primary school teachers do not have vocational training. In addition, the physical conditions in which teaching takes place remain extremely risky, both for pupils and teachers. In short, the education system is still performing poorly.
The main weaknesses relate to poor staff training, lack of program control, lack of educational materials, and inadequate infrastructure and equipment, not to mention the almost complete lack of support from the Ministry of National Education. Schools operate in many areas with complete independence and freedom, sometimes without any educational supervision or supervision, especially in Quranic schools.
The vast majority of newspapers are in French, and rarely in classic Arabic, the situation differs in the electronic media, especially in radio, where national languages are a priority, especially Chadian, Sarah, and sometimes Kanimbo Arabic, in addition to classic Arabic and French. On TV, French is also in the lead but is followed by classic Arabic and Chadian Arabic.
The audiovisual media includes more than 60 radio and television stations. Most programs are broadcasted on national stations in the French language. Time periods are set aside for national and Arabic languages. Private-public information broadcasts, sometimes called "community" or "community" radio stations, broadcast their programs in French.