Things to know about Egypt

Egypt FlagThe Arab Republic of Egypt - is a country that covers an area of 997,739 square kilometers, which extends across the far north. East of the African continent and the Sinai Peninsula, bordered to the east by the State of Israel and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; It is bordered on the south by Sudan, and on the west by Libya. Since Egypt extends to the eastern end of North Africa and extends to the Asian continent by Sinai, this geographical location determines its membership in the Near East. The capital of the state Cairo.


Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes.


Egypt possesses the northeastern corner of the African landmass, and it is partitioned into the profoundly ripe Nile Valley, where most financial exercises happen. In the previous 30 years, the legislature has transformed the exceptionally brought together economy it acquired from President Gamal Abdel Nasser. In spite of these accomplishments, the administration neglected to increase the living expectations of the normal Egyptians.

Quick populace development (the biggest in the Arab world), constrained arable land, and reliance on the Nile all keep on depleting assets and put the focus on society. The administration has battled to fulfill the expanding needs of the Egyptian populace through financial change and monstrous interest in interchanges and physical foundation.


The Egyptian Schools Act requires public primary schools to study only classical Arabic, but private schools are allowed to teach other languages in addition to the official Arabic language. This means that there are many English and French schools devoted to affordable classes.

As for high school, students must learn a foreign language from the first course: they have a choice between English and French. In the second course, they have to choose a second foreign language: English or French (the language that was not chosen in the first course), German, Italian, or Spanish.

In universities, the system is more flexible, although standard Arabic is in principle the language of instruction. Indeed, depending on colleges and majors, English and French are also languages of university education.

Let's add a few words about teaching religion in Egypt in the so-called “civil” Egyptian schools, which teach Islamic or Christian religion, according to official government programs. Parents cannot exclude their children from religious education, nor choose their religion. When a parent is Muslim, children are considered Muslim and educated according to this religion.


Egypt has found a balance between the needs of Arabization and the needs of the economy and openness to the world. This openness seems obvious with regard to English and French. The Egyptian state has even decided to be part of the Francophone Summits bringing together 49 states and governments. However, the issue of minorities does not even seem to arise. They are simply ignored, without suffering repression. In this sense, the State is logical with article 40 of the Constitution which proclaims that “citizens are equal before the law and that they have the same rights and the same public duties, without distinction of race, origin, language, religion or belief”. The problem is that by having the same rights as Arabic speakers, minorities cannot.