Things to know about Ethiopia


Ethiopia Flag The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ), a country located in the Horn of Africa, is bordered to the northeast by Eritrea and Djibouti, to the southeast by Somalia, to the southwest by Kenya, and to the west by Sudan. Ethiopia has an area of 1133,380 square kilometers, twice the size of France. Its capital is Addis Ababa.

Today, Ethiopia is a federation that has gained a lot of independence, each with its own board and administration. The name Ethiopia (formerly Abyssinia) comes from the Greek word Æthiops (Latin: Aethiopia) which means "the land of scorched faces" (referring to the black skin of Africans), and possibly a translation from the ancient Semitic Abyssinia (which gave Abyssinia). The term Abyssinia then defined several regions in Africa, including Nubia, Sudan, Libyan Desert, and present-day Ethiopia.

Language

Amarigna, Oromigna, Tigrigna, Somaligna, Sidamigna, Guaragigna, Hadiyigna, etc.

Ethiopia has many languages such as ethnicities: over 80, not to mention the countless language varieties (more than 200 dialects). All languages spoken in Ethiopia belong to two families: the Chamito-Sami (or Afro-Asian) family and the Nilo-Saharan family.

Economy

Poverty-stricken Ethiopia's economy is dependent on agriculture and accounts for nearly half of GDP. The agricultural sector suffers from frequent droughts and poor farming practices. Coffee is important to the Ethiopian economy, but historically low prices have seen many farmers turning to qat to supplement income. Ethiopia has qualified for debt relief from the HIPC Initiative, the country owns all land and provides long-term lease contracts to tenants; The system continues to impede growth in the industrial sector, as businessmen cannot use the land as collateral for loans. Regular weather patterns have helped the growth of agriculture and GDP in recent years.

Education

The curriculum has been radically changed to allow federal states to choose the language in which students will receive their primary education. Therefore, many Ethiopian languages have been introduced to replace Amharic as the language of instruction in areas where Amharic is not the mother tongue of the majority of the population. The education and training policy unequivocally state that primary education must be provided in national languages. Three government studies confirm that the choice of the language of instruction should be left to society, that the policy of teaching should be reviewed in the mother language, and that the educational and administrative implications of the choice of the language must be reviewed. Language of education. The mother tongue is not for the majority of the population. The Education and Training Policy unequivocally states that "Primary education must be provided in national languages.

Ethiopian News Media

The state of the Ethiopian media is unique in more ways than one. The media is divided into two sectors: on the one hand, the public and government media, and on the other hand, the private press. Government media are among the oldest in sub-Saharan Africa. The first newspaper government returned to the early twentieth century, especially after Ethiopia's stunning victory over the Italians. In contrast, the private media is very modern.

All newspapers are published in Amharic only (except for one in the Oromo and the other in Arabic). Ethiopian journalists rarely speak a national language other than Amharic. Radio and television, which is still in a state monopoly, has a strong impact on the population. Radio Van's ruling party station.