This country is restricted to Equatorial Africa, which crosses the equator, to the north of Cameroon, to the east and south of the Congo-Brazzaville, and to the west the Atlantic Ocean. The country has an area of 267,667 square kilometers, which is less than the equivalent of Italy or even half of France. The country's capital is Libreville. It is also the largest city, administratively, Gabon is made up of nine provinces.
The political opposition in Gabon remains weak, divided, and financially dependent on the current system. Despite political circumstances, a few people, abundant natural resources, and substantial foreign support helped make Gabon one of Africa's most prosperous and stable countries.
French (official). Gabon, like most countries in sub-Saharan Africa, is a multilingual country. There are approximately fifty languages that have so many dialects that Gabon often speak French as a common language between them. Only Baka, spoken by the dwarves, is a language other than Bantu (the Nigerian language).
The Gabonese Republic (République Gabonaise) has a quadruple per capita income in most of sub-Saharan Africa. However, due to the high-income disparity, a large proportion of the population remains poor. Gabon relied on wood and manganese until oil was discovered in the sea in the early 1970s. The oil sector now accounts for 50% of GDP. Gabon continues to face export price fluctuations in oil, timber, and manganese. Despite the abundance of natural wealth, poor financial management impedes the economy. The devaluation of the CFA franc - short-term progress depends on an optimistic global economy, financial and other adjustments in line with the policies of the International Monetary Fund.
After independence, the Gabon n ' has not encouraged é not the use of national languages in teaching, but the ever banned either. In practice, they have not been systematically taught, although they have always been used in informal communications. This situation has preva read from kindergarten to university. From high school, English was taught as a second language, then a third language was added from the third year. At present, these three universities (UOB, USTM, and USS) and these six independent institutions (ENS, ENSET, ENSS, INSG, IST, and INSAB) offer to about 10,000 higher education students that are highly offered in French, and sometimes in English.
All newspapers in French, including L'Union, the country's leading daily newspaper. In the electronic media, the French still retain the lion's share, but the Gabonese authorities seek to ensure the promotion of languages on radio and television. Of about six radio stations broadcasting in Gabon, 50%, or three out of six channels offer at least one weekly program. This is the case with Gabon Radio and Television (first and second channels) and Liberte Radio. Gabonese languages are not only used for information purposes, but also for training. The few languages used in radio and television.