Things to know about Ghana

Ghana FlagThe Republic of Ghana is a country in West Africa, overlooking the Gulf of Guinea in the south (in the Atlantic Ocean) and surrounded by three French-speaking countries: Ivory Coast to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, Ghana is divided into 10 decentralized administrative regions. These same regions are divided into about 110 provinces.

Ghana has been a (linked member) (with Cyprus) of la Francophonie since the 2006 Bucharest Summit (eleventh summit) in Romania. Access to the status of associate member is reserved for countries and governments that use the French language in relation to it in the usual and current use that shares the Francophone values.


English (official). As for the English language, it remains the official language, although it is spoken by a very small part of the population, perhaps by a million speakers at most, who use it only as a second language. It is the language of the State, therefore that of legislation, justice, administration, school, etc. The French and Arabic are the two languages of some importance in the country.


Ghana has regular assets and has almost double the per capita portion of the least fortunate nations in West Africa. In any case, Ghana remains intensely subject to global monetary and specialized help. Gold and cocoa creation and individual exchanges are significant wellsprings of unfamiliar money. The neighborhood economy keeps on spinning around farming, the topical needs inside its present development and neediness decrease technique, which likewise give the structure to help advancement accomplices, are: macroeconomic security. The seriousness of the private area; Human asset improvement; Good administration and common obligation. The sound macroeconomic administration combined with higher gold and cocoa costs kept up GDP development.


In schools, some Ghanaian languages with a complex function are taught in primary school, but local native languages are not taught. In total, there are nine languages supported by the government.

In the first four years of primary school, the most frequently used Ghanaian language is generally used as a medium of instruction, while English is studied as a subject. We can say that the Ghanaian child receives a kind of transitional bilingual education. From the fifth year, the English language replaces the Ghanaian language as a medium of instruction, then the Ghanaian language is treated as a simple school subject in the schedule. In other words, the student’s first language works as a transitional means for school education, because the ultimate goal is to achieve a certain fluency in English, the official language. Therefore, any Ghanaian who goes to school must learn.

Ghanaian News Media

On the media front, local radio stations are the only institutions in the country that use Ghanaian languages widely. There are approximately six languages in use on national radio stations and on television. These are English, Akan, Dagbani, Ewi, Ja, and Hausa (common language). The linguistic situation in the trade and services sector is preferred in English, but a number of Ghanaian languages are present in some written jobs, for example, the Dagmar, Dagbani, Fante, and Ga classes, used in communications and internal messages.