The State of Libya (دولة ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, open to the Mediterranean Sea. It shares its borders with six countries. Some are part of the Arab countries: Egypt to the east, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest. Others already belong to black Africa: Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south. Libya, the third-largest country in Africa after Algeria and Sudan, has an area of 1,759,540 square kilometers.
The country has two islands with a Mediterranean climate in the north, Tripoli in the west, and Barqa in the east. The desert occupies 90% of the land, and it has three regions: the Sirte desert in the north, the Libyan desert (occupies part of Libya and Egypt), and Fezzan (the southwestern quarter of the Sahara Libya).
Arabic (Official), Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities.
The Libyan economy depends for the most part on oil area income, which contributes about 95% of fare income, and about a fourth of GDP, producing huge incomes from the vitality division alongside a little populace of Libya is one of the most noteworthy per capita GDP in Africa, however not many From this salary stream to the lower classes of society.most of it in the vitality segment. The non-oil assembling and development areas have extended, for the most part from handling agrarian items to petrochemical, iron, steel, and aluminum creation.
Climatic conditions and awful soil seriously limit rural creation, and Libya imports about 80% of its food. The essential agrarian water source in Libya remains the Great Man-Made River Project, yet critical assets are being put resources into desalination exploration to satisfy the expanding needs of water.
Great efforts were made in Libya to teach the largely illiterate population to read and write on the eve of independence. Primary education has become free and compulsory, and the state also guarantees the right to free higher education, and it is particularly concerned with the physical, mental and moral well-being of young people, and a law that promotes freedom provides that every citizen has the right to education and information and the selection of appropriate knowledge.
However, the only language accepted in Libyan government schools is classical Arabic. In fact, from elementary to university, the language of instruction in public institutions is classical Arabic.
Reporters Without Borders also indicated that the Libyan regime holds the sad record of the world's longest prison for the journalist. As for radio and television, these two sectors are still absolute monopolies of the public authorities, in addition to the distinctive position of propaganda and misinformation.
From a linguistic point of view, it can be said that most of the newspapers are in Arabic: Libya, the new dawn, the sun, the green crawl, the Libyan news, the hope, the house, the opening, etc. Some newspapers have an English (New Dawn) or Bilingual English-Arabic (Al-Mahatta) edition. Africa News Libya only offers a bilingual French-English version. There is no press in the Berber language.