Things to know about Nepal


Nepal Flag The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल) is a country located in South Asia considered mainly in Himalayas and have parts of Indo-Gangetic plain too. Nepal is one of the landlocked countries in the world sharing borders with India, China, Bangladesh and Bhutan.

The country is settled o 49th for the population of 29 million people and has the total land area of 147,516 kilometers square and ranked 93rd in the world by land area.

Kathmandu is the capital city of the country having the population of around 1 million, the official language of the country is Nepali.

The country is the homeland of eight of the world’s tallest mountains and of the most famous and known as the highest point of earth the Mount Everest.

History

In Vedic Period the name Nepal was first recorded in the Indian subcontinent when Hinduism was dominant religion of the country.

The founder of Buddhism, Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini in middle of first millennium BCE in northern area of the country where the culture is of Tibet.

The Gorkha Kingdom in 18th century controlled the unification of Nepal and Shah Dynasty built the Kingdom of Nepal but after it became the part of British Empire, in between British India and Imperial China country served as buffer state but never colonized.

In 1960 and 2005 Nepali monarchs suspended he parliamentary democracy which was first introduced in 1951. The country became a Secular State after the Nepalese civil war in late 19th century and staring of 2000s causing the end of last Hindu monarchy in the year of 2005.

Economy

In the year of 2018 Nepali GDP was recorded as 28.8 million US dollars and the average of annual rate of 6.3% and for the future year expected as 7.1%. Economy of the country is considered as faster growing in the world, it is settled on 165th around the world for GDP per capita and 162 per capita PPP.

Nepal is considered 37th largest around the world for having labor force of 16.8 million. Some of the major agricultural products of the country are maize, millet, barley, paddy, wheat, potato, sugarcane, tobacco and pulses and country have some of major industries in the face of carpets, textiles, cement, brick, cigarette and oilseed mills.

Tourism is also largest growing industry for the country. In 2018 international visitors, they crossed the number of 1 million, tourists are likely attracted towards Pokhara, Kathmandu valley, Chitwan and most of the earning came from mountaineering, people from all around the world reach Nepal to climb the highest point of the Earth Mount Everest.