Things to know about Netherlands (Holland)

Netherlands Flag Netherlands located in two different parts most of the parts are located in Western Europe and some of the parts are located in Caribbean. In Europe region it shares borders with Germany, Belgium with maritime it is sharing with United Kingdom too. In Caribbean the islands of Bonaire, Salsa and Sint Eustatius.

Dutch is the official language and West Frisian is considered as secondary official language in European region. In Caribbean region English and Papiamento is considered as secondary official languages and Limburgish and Dutch Low Saxon is regional languages.

Land and Population

Netherlands covers up to 41,545 km2 and has population of 17 million as density of 488 people per kilometer square. Rotterdam, The Hogue, Amsterdam and Utrecht are the major cities of Netherlands. The capital city is Amsterdam having population of nearly 1 million. The Hogue holds Cabinet, Supreme-court and the seat of states general and the busiest seaport of Europe is located in Rotterdam called the port of Rotterdam.

The busiest airport is located in Amsterdam called Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and it is also considered as 3rd busiest of Europe. Netherlands is also member of Eurozone, EU, NATO, WTO and OECD. Netherlands is “Low Country” its just 50% of the land is above the sea level in numbers just 1 meter above it, most of the land is below the sea level and called Polders, up to 21% of the population and 20%of the land is below sea level.


Netherlands main economy since 16th has been fishing, shipping, agriculture, trade and banking, Netherlands has been playing major role in European economy. Netherlands ranked 2nd in 2016 for Global Enabling Trade Report and in the year of 2017 Netherlands also ranked 5th for having most competitive economy around the world by Swiss International Institute for Management Development. In Global Innovation Index 2018 it was ranked 2nd as most innovative country in the world.

Since 2016 Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, United States of America, Italy, France, Russia and China are the key trading partners with Netherlands. Major industries are Metallurgy, machinery, chemicals, trade, electrical goods, services and tourism and Netherlands is top ten leading exporting country.


Students in Netherlands starts their education commonly at the age of 5 according to act of 1969, but majorly children starts from the age of 4 this additional year is for students who are not Dutch.Majorly there are two types of schools in Netherlands Private and Public, public schools are for all the children and they are nondenominational while private schools can be denominational 65% of the students use to study in private schools.