Solomon Islands is an island country and sovereign state. It is based on 6 major islands and huge number of 900 comparatively smaller islands located in Oceania towards east of Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu from its northwest.
The country covers the total number of land area 28,400-kilometer square, it has total population of 6.5 lack. The capital city is Honiara and it is situated on island of Guadalcanal.
The country is collection of Melanesian islands and it includes some part of Papua New Guinea. Islas Salomon name given by the first European visitor Alvaro de Mendana a Spanish navigator in the year of 1568, after Biblical King Solomon, it is still not confirmed whether it was name given by mistake in the bases of assumptions of the city Ophir mentioned in Bible. Until 1975 during the colonial period the country’s official name was “British Solomon Islands Protectorate” after that it was changed as “Solomon Islands”.
The country was major area of staging in wars in the years of 1942 to the end of 1943, the country was completely involved and area of land, sea and air combats against Japanese Empire and lots of civilian lost their precious lives during years. The Guadalcanal and New Guinea Campaign as the turning point of Pacific war, 3,200 served as Solomon Islands Labor Corps.
In the year of 1975 Australia declared Papua New Guinea independent and the very next year 1976 Solomon Islands gained self-governance, according to Solomon Islands act 1978 the territory was given to Her Majesty’s Dominions and Solomon Islands got independence on 7th of July 1978 Sir Peter Kenilorea was made the first prime minister of the country and Elizabeth II became the Queen.
The country has GDP per capita of 600 US dollars and it’s is considered as less developed country, 75% of its labors works for agriculture and fishing and it imports most of ma manufactured good stuff and petroleum products. The useful area for agriculture is just 4% in Solomon Islands while 78% in covered with dark forests and it ranked 103 for having that much coverage of forests in the world.
Timber was the main export of the country until the world priced it low in 1998, even the export of palm oil was ceased in 2000. Export of live dolphins was also completely stopped in 2004 from UAE and Dubai and this act was criticized by New Zealand and Australia but the courts re-approved to export it again. Palm oil, copra and cacao are some of the important exports. In the year of 2017 the production of coconut made the country ranked 8th which was of 317,682 tons.