Things to Know about Tajikistan

Tajikistan Flag

The Republic of Tajikistan (Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон) is a landlocked country in Southeast Central Asia. It is bounded on the north by Kyrgyzstan, on the north and west by Uzbekistan, on the east by People's Republic of China and on the south by Afghanistan. Dushanbe is the largest city and capital of the country. It is an ethnic region covering 45% of the country. It gained independence in 1991. Tajikistan's ethnic group speaks Tajik. Tajik is a Persian national language. In 1929, Tajikistan became a part of the Soviet Union.

After the conquest, civil war broke out between the two parties in the country, the two parties being the government party and the opposition party. Later, they signed a peace treaty. Thus, they began to develop the country. However, like other Central Asian countries, various NGOs ruled the country arbitrarily (President Emomali Rahman has ruled the country since 1994), restricting religious freedom, corruption and has been condemning widespread human rights violations. Tajikistan is a member of UN, CIS, OSCE, OIC, ECO, SCO and CSTO.


Tajikistan literally means the abode of Tajiks. The name is most commonly used for Tajiks in the last few decades of the twentieth century, after the Soviet Union took over. The site now known as Tajikistan was founded 4,000 years ago. Since then, the territory has been ruled by various emperors. From the end of the 4th century BC to the beginning of the 2nd century, it remained part of the Bactrian Empire. Then it became part of Turkey. Then some days it was considered part of the Chinese Empire.

In the seventh century AD, the Arabs brought Islam to the region. Thus the history of Tajikistan has progressed under different empires, sometimes with this part and sometimes with that part. Then came the arrival of Russia. Russia controlled the country for a long time. They occupied the country. Then it went to the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks engaged in seven guerrilla wars. The Bolsheviks persecuted the Muslims of Tajikistan and set fire to their mosques. Then the Soviet Union came and did not occupy them. In 1929, Tajikistan was transformed into a full-fledged Union Socialist Republic.

At that time, Tajikistan lagged behind other Soviet states in all aspects of life, education and industry. This situation continued till 1990. In 1990, the Soviet Union withdrew from Tajikistan and Tajikistan declared its independence. In 1991, Iran was the first to recognize Tajikistan as an independent state. They first set up their embassy in the Tajik capital, Dushanbe.


The Country started developing the economy with the help of neighboring countries. Remittances sent by expatriates, especially Tajiks living in Russia, play a big and important role in Tajikistan's economy. Its contribution to the economic prosperity of the last few years is outstanding. This is how the country is growing their economy.