Things to Know about Uzbekistan


Uzbekistan Flag

The Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi) is a landmark, secular, united, constitutional republic in Central Asia. The country consists of 12 provinces (vilayats), an autonomous republic and a capital city. Uzbekistan has five landlocked countries on the border: Kazakhstan in the north; Northeast Kyrgyzstan; Southeastern Tajikistan, southern Afghanistan; And Turkmenistan in the southwest. Uzbekistan is a sovereign state.

The official languages of the country are Uzbek and Russian and the international language is Russian. The capital of the country is Tashkent and it is the largest city. The national anthem of the country is the national anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

History

Before Russian rule was established, present-day Uzbekistan was divided into the Bukhara Emirate, the Khiva Khanate, and the Kokand Khanate. The country was then inhabited by large numbers of Russians. During World War I, Russia began withdrawing troops from Uzbekistan. This led to a revolt between them and Russia lost control. On October 26, 1924, the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic was established. When Hitler-led Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II, 14, 33,230 Uzbek soldiers took part in the war against Nazi Germany on behalf of the Soviet Red Army. 263,005 Uzbek soldiers were killed during the war and 32, 60 were missing. On August 31, 1991, during the collapse of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan declared independence. September 1 is declared the National Independence Day of Uzbekistan.

Economy

Uzbekistan's economy is very rich. They are economically advanced. The country has a lot of mineral resources. The main source of the country's economy is mineral resources. Uzbekistan's economy is heavily dependent on mineral resources. Uzbekistan has the fourth largest gold reserves in the world. The country produces 60 tons of gold per year, which is the seventh highest in the world. The country ranks tenth in the world in copper reserves and twelfth in uranium. It ranks seventh in uranium production. Also, oil and gas are produced. Uzbekistan is the national gas company of Uzbekistan. The country has a total GDP of 8.62 billion and a per capita income of $2154 which is 135th in the world. The national currency of the country is Uzbek som (UZS).

Culture

Uzbekistan is a combination of cultures. The country has many ancient civilizations. Uzbekistan is located on the famous Silk Road that connects Eastern and Western civilizations. Museums in Uzbekistan contain about two million artifacts that bear witness to the culture and history of various peoples who have lived in Central Asia for nearly 6,000 years. Many tourists travel to Uzbekistan to learn about this rich history. Also for those interested in active tourism, Uzbekistan has mountain climbing and skiing facilities in the snow-capped mountains. The country has many old madrasas and many mosques all around.