Algeria: A Country Of Ancient Nature Of Culture And Civilization

Algeria FlagAlgeria is a major Muslim republic in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Located in the far north of the country on the Mediterranean coast, Algiers is the capital and most populous city. Algeria is the tenth largest country in the world with an area of 2,381,741 square kilometers or 919,595 square miles. It has an estimated population of 44 million and is the eighth most populous country in Africa.

This is the 34th most populous country in the world with a population of 3954217 million. In coastal and urban areas 66 per cent of the population lives. Arab-Barbers make up 99 percent of the country's total population and 01 percent come from Spain, Corsica, Italy, Malta and France. Kabylies, Chaouias, M'zabites, and Tauregs are classified into four major groups, the largest of which are the Barbarians and Kabylies. Algeria has vast reserves of oil and gas across the country, along Libya’s eastern border, in the southern desert, and along its northern coastline.


Most of the cities in this country are located very close to the coast. Algiers is the most populous city with 2.594 million inhabitants and Oran is the second largest city with 856,000 inhabitants in the northwest of the country.

The Sahara Desert covers 80% of most of the country, which is why dry weather prevails throughout most of the year. Another unique feature of the climate here is the Sirocco wind. Which is hot, sandy and light wind and that is why it sometimes causes sandstorms.


Algerian culture is made up of a combination of these three Arab, African and Mediterranean civilizations. The main reason for this is the geographical location which has facilitated the fusion of different cultures and multiple cultures together through business.

Top Tourist Destination

The city of Oran can be described as a major tourist destination for its remarkable signs of French influence in architecture, also known as "Little Paris". There are also many old famous mosques and churches. There are many UNESCO heritage sites, two of which are the Roman Ruins of Timgad and Djemila.