The Republic of Cameroon is limited to the northwest by Nigeria, to the east by Chad and the Central African Republic to the south by the Congo - Brazzaville, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea, to the west by the Gulf of Guinea. Previous French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon converged in 1961 to frame the current nation. As a rule, Cameroon has profited by strength, which has permitted the improvement of farming, streets and railroads, and the oil business. In spite of a move towards just change, political force remains immovably in the possession of an ethnic government.
24 main African language groups, English (official), French (official), it seemed more practical Maintaining French and English as two common official languages, however, very few people were concerned about the fate of the national languages.
Thanks to its petroleum resources and favorable conditions for agriculture, we can say that at the level of raw materials, Cameroon has one of the most favorable economies in sub-Saharan Africa. It is also distinguished by the production and refining of petroleum, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, and wood.
In the field of primary and secondary education, national languages are not prohibited, but all Cameroonians who are educated are guaranteed to receive education in French or English (depending on the linguistic zone), from primary to the end. secondary school. Teaching the other language becomes compulsory in the sixth year of primary school. As the use of official languages is then limited to the fields of administration and education, Cameroonian vehicular languages are used as a means of communication between ethnic groups in the sectors of commerce, transport, trades, and especially among individuals who have not attended higher education institutions.
As for the media, Radio-Yaoundé broadcasts thirteen hours a day in French and seven hours in English; news flashes are broadcast in both languages at the start of each hour. There are about ten regional stations. Nationwide, it is estimated that 69% of programming is in French, compared to 31% in English. Almost all programming is produced in Cameroon.
The station CRTV Poste National, a generalist radio station, broadcasts on the FM band for two to five hours of programs throughout Cameroon in French (60%) and English (40%). Two FM radios, namely FM 94 in Yaoundé and FM 105 in Douala, broadcast in French and English in these two cities musical and commercial programs. A few foreign radio stations are heard: Radio France Internationale, La Voix de d'Amérique, the BBC, La Voix de Allemagne, Radio Canada Internationale, etc.