The Cook Islands are spread over 15,000 volcanic islands and coral atolls, French Polynesia to the east, and American Samoa to the west, covering an area of 700,000 square miles in the South Pacific Ocean. The island became a self-governing state in 1965 with the former British State Guard, which is now annexed by New Zealand for free. Mixed Polynesian tribes lived here and the islands were autonomous. The island was discovered by Captain Cook in 1773 and renamed "Harvey Islands". The island was later renamed "Cook Island" 15 years later.
The islands still have old customs, and governments continue to seek advice from a council of tribal leaders, known as the House of Ariki, on culture, customs, and land ownership. Today, more than twice as much as the original Cook Islands living in New Zealand because there are islands. The only reason for this is in search of a bright economic future and they can also live in Australia as a New Zealander.
The main export of the island is black pearls. The main sources of income are agriculture, foreign fleet, sale of fishing licenses and offshore earnings. Woodcarving is a common industrial form in the archipelago.
There are a combination of 15 small and large islands (Penrhyn, Manihiki, Rakahanga, Pukapuka, Suwarrow, Palmerston, Aitutaki, Manuae, Tema Reef, Nassau, Takutea, Mitiaro, Winslow Reef, Rarotonga, Atiu, Mauke and Mangala). For all the islands there are two major native Polynesian languages, one for Pukapuka and the other for all the other islands.
The most interesting thing is that all the islands are located on a volcano. Almost the size of the island is so small that there are no rivers here, except for the large islands. Some of the higher islands have small freshwater lakes. This is why almost all islanders depend on wells or rainwater harvesting tanks for their water needs.
The main religion here is Christianity, and the preachers of this religion are responsible for almost all kinds of religious affiliations. That is why most of the islanders are followers of the Christian church. There are also followers of Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Seventh-day Adventism. The songs and dances of these islanders are very famous for which they play an active role in official sponsorship.