The Republic of the Gambia is a country in West Africa, surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, and its borders are entirely within Senegal. Merging with the Gambia River Valley, to which he owes his name, this country is one of the smallest countries on the African continent, with an area of only 11,295 square kilometers. The capital of the Gambia is Banjul, located on the west coast at the mouth of the river. It is the only big city and the only seaport in the country.
The country is divided into five provinces and municipalities. Unlike Senegal, The Gambia is a former British colony and has had, since its independence in 1965, resisted the desire to unite its Senegalese neighbor, on which it relies closely.
English (official). English has long been the official language of the Gambia, as it was a former colony of the British Empire. But this language is actually official (de facto) and not by law, as no declaration has been drafted or issued.
The Gambia has no demonstrated mineral or normal stores and has a constrained agrarian base. About 80% of the populace relies upon harvests and domesticated animals for their employment. Little scope fabricating movement is described by the treatment of peanuts, fish, and calfskin. The re-send out exchange is typically a significant piece of financial movement, making the common excellence of the Gambia and its vicinity to Europe one of the biggest travel industry markets in West Africa. Joblessness and underemployment rates stay extremely high; Economic advancement in the present moment relies upon feasible respective and multilateral help, on mindful government financial administration, on proceeded with specialized help from the International Monetary Fund and reciprocal benefactors, and on anticipated development in the development division.
The Gambia is a poor country. Primary education is free for the first five years, but it is not compulsory. In all education sectors, the English language is the language of instruction, with the exception of Quranic schools where Arabic is taught. The second French language course is available to high school students. All studies are conducted except for the Islamic School in English.
Since the Gambia is a poor country, schools do not always provide enough textbooks, and teacher training is sometimes poor. For example, it is difficult to find documents in the French language in The Gambia, especially those that could be useful in teaching. For various other reasons, teaching foreign languages may not always be suitable in this country.
As is often the case in African countries, the official language is ubiquitous in print and electronic media, with the exception of radio where local languages remain the surest way to reach indigenous people. In Gambia, 90% of the population make a living from farming or fishing and many do not know the official language.
Major country newspapers, such as The Daily Observer, The Gambia Daily, The Gambia News, The Independent and The Point (all from Banjul) are published in English only. Radio Gambia broadcasts its programs in English and a few local languages (especially Wolof, Mandingo, and Fulani). This is the case for Citizen FM, Radio 1 FM, and a few others (West Coast Radio, City Border Radio, Sid Radio, Sud FM, etc.).