Guinea-Bissau, which is officially called the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, is a country located in West Africa flooded with the Atlantic Ocean, bordered to the north by Senegal, to the east, and to the south by Guinea Conakry. (Or Guinea), or French-speaking countries. Due to its geographical location, Guinea-Bissau is landlocked in French-speaking Africa, between Guinea Conakry and Senegal.
Guinea-Bissau owes its name to its capital, Bissau, and covers an area of 36,125 square kilometers, including about sixty islands in the Atlantic Ocean, including the Bisagos Archipelago.
Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages. Guinea-Bissau is one of five countries in Africa that use Portuguese as the official language, and in this case, it is a second language for the peoples of those countries: Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde Islands, Sao Tome, and Principe.
Guinea-Bissau, one of the five poorest countries in the world, relies mainly on agriculture and fishing. Cashew crops have increased significantly in recent years, and the country ranks sixth in cashew production. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts, palm kernels, and woods. Rice is the main staple and staple food. The development of petroleum, phosphates, and other mineral resources is not far-reaching. Offshore oil exploration is underway in many sectors but has not yet led to commercially applicable crude deposits. Income inequality is one of the most extreme in the world.
Bissau, Guinean languages are not taken into account in teaching. There is no suitable university in Guinea-Bissau. Rich people go to Portugal, others to Senegal. Since colonial times, all children have had to learn French as a second language in high school. Today, this teaching tends to continue.
The primary education program includes a six-year course in Portuguese; Most of the textbooks come from Portugal. However, Guinea-Bissau is one of the ten countries in the world that has a less developed educational system, which seems to be the heart of the country's development problem. To solve some problems related to the low level of skills acquired by students, a national examination system was imposed at the end of the ninth grade. General proficiency in Portuguese and mathematics.
In general, the Bissau press is in the Portuguese language. In writing, as well as the government newspaper No Pintcha open to the opposition, independent titles such as Expresso Bissau, Corréo da Guinée-Bissau, Banoméro, etc. Others are directly related to political parties including Ringira and Ganga Real, who sometimes severely criticize the government.
In terms of radio, the National Radio Broadcasting (RDN) faces competition from three private radio stations: Pindjitiguiti Radio, Mavegro Radio, and Bombolom Radio. These programs are broadcast in Portuguese, Crioulo, French and some African languages.