The Republic of Guinea (Renndaandi Ginee) is a country located in West Africa bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, bordered to the northwest by Guinea-Bissau (Portuguese speaking), to the north by Senegal (French-speaking), to the east by Mali (French-speaking), to the southeast by Cote d'Ivoire (French-speaking) and to south Liberia (English speaking) and Sierra Leone (English speaking).
It is a country of 245,857 square kilometers, equivalent to almost 50% of France. Guinea-Conakry also includes the Los Islands off Conakry, the capital. Over 1.5 million Guineans live in Conakry, which is also a major coastal city.
French (official); Note - each ethnic group has its own language.
Guinea possesses the main mineral resources, hydropower, and agriculture, but remains an underdeveloped country. The country has nearly half of the bauxite reserves in the world and is the second-largest producer of bauxite. The mining sector accounts for over 80% of exports. Long-term improvements are needed in government financial arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework if the country is to break out of the cycle of poverty.
Investor confidence has faltered due to rampant corruption, lack of electricity and other infrastructure, shortages of skilled workers, and political uncertainty due to President Lansana Conte's health failure. Guinea is trying to reconnect with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
Pre-primary or pre-school education is generally provided in the child's mother tongue, but it can also be provided in French. This fully private education lasts for three years and is only found in urban areas.
Although French is the official language, many Guineans, especially in rural areas, do not speak it well.
Secondary education is divided into two courses, college (four years) and secondary (three years), to which technical and vocational education (variable periods) and higher education (variable periods) must be added.
In higher education, the length of study varies from four to six years, according to ongoing studies. The country has five general higher education institutions: The University of Conakry, University of Cancan, Higher Institute of Mines and Geology in Boke, Higher Agricultural and Veterinary Institute in Varana, and Higher Institute of Educational Sciences in Guinea. Higher education institutions are public institutions of a scientific nature with independent management.
The Guinean media was broadcast in French and in several national languages. Most written media use only French. Guineans can get foreign newspapers in English, Spanish and Portuguese. All the languages mentioned in each region are on the radio. In Guinea, this is the only way to reach all citizens, regardless of their language. From this perspective, French is "one language among other languages". All electronic media belong to the state, as there is no private radio or television in Guinea.
Foreign radios are easily received, those who come from Liberia and Sierra Leone are in English, others from Guinea-Bissau are broadcast in Portuguese, others are in French.