Things to know about Niger

Niger FlagThe Republic of the Niger is one of the largest parliamentary democracies in West Africa. It is a landlocked country. The country is named after the Niger River. It is an independent state. It is bounded on the south by Nigeria and Benin, on the west by Burkina Faso and Mali, on the north by Algeria and Libya, and on the east by Chad. French is the official language.

Niamh is the capital and largest city of the country. Many people in the country live in this city. The nation is called Nigerien. Eighty percent of the landlocked country is in the Sahara Desert. It is a Muslim-majority country. It is a member of the United Nations.


Niger is a major agricultural country. They make a living by farming. However, the agricultural system of the country is very underdeveloped. However, the country has abundant mineral resources. Although they have abundant mineral resources, they cannot ensure their proper use. The country has abundant uranium reserves. But the demand for uranium in the world has decreased a lot. This has caused huge losses to their economy. Although the country is dependent on agriculture, it is currently dependent on mineral resources. The education and health system of the country is very underdeveloped. The education rate is very low and it is economically backward. The country's total GDP is 21.642 billion, and its per capita income is $ 1,159. The currency of the country is West African CFA franc.

Nature and Culture

Much of the Niger country is abandoned in the Sahara Desert. The Sahara Desert is located in the northern part of the country. The temperature is much higher and the water level is much lower. But the southern part of the country is surrounded by evergreens. To the south is the Niger River. All the people of the country live there. There are many types of mosques because almost all the people of the country are Muslims. The country has a very large museum. There are many large mountains around the country.


Niger is a parliamentary democracy. Europeans first arrived in the late 18th century. From 183 to 1899, the country was under French occupation. Niger became a military zone in 1901 and became known as a part of French-controlled West Africa in 1904. The country was initially recognized as a French dictatorship. It gained independence in August 1970. On April 15, 1974, Niger's first president, Hamani Dior, was overthrown in a military coup. Coup leader Lt. Mini Kauchi declared the constitution null and void, but later dissolved it. He then formed a political party. The first free elections were held in Niger in 1993. This is how politics began in the country. The president is the head of state.